Student Rating Reference List

{ THIS LIST IS UNDER CONTINUOUS DEVELOPMENT } 

The following is a compilation of a spectrum of research articles, books, and papers related to the area of faculty evaluation and student ratings in particular.  I am indebted to Lawrence M. Aleamoni and Mike Theall for their contributions in compiling this list.

If you come across any errors I may have made in transcribing this list, or if you find other references on student ratings that are NOT on the list below, please let me know by sending me an email at raoularreola@mac.com. Thank you. 


STUDENT RATING RESEARCH REFERENCES

Abrami, P. C. (2001). Improving judgments about teaching effectiveness using teacher rating forms. In M. Theall, P. C. Abrami, & L. A. Mets (Eds.), The student ratings debate: Are they valid? How can we best use them? New Directions for Institutional Research, No. 109 (pp. 59-87). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Abrami, P. C., & d’Apollonia, S. (1991). Multidimensional students’ evaluations of teaching effectiveness- generalizability of “N = 1” research: Comments on Marsh (1991). Journal of Educational Psychology, 83, 411-415.

Abrami, P. C., & d’Apollonia. (1990). The dimensionality of ratings and their use in personnel decisions. In M. Theall & J. Franklin (Eds.), Student ratings of instruction: Issues for improving practice: New Directions for Teaching and Learnin

Abrami, P. C., d’Apollonia, S., & Rosenfeld, S. (2007). The dimensionality of student rations of instruction: An update on what we know, do not know, and need to do. In R. P. Perry & J. C. Smart (Eds.), The Scholarship of teaching and learning

Abrami, P. C., Leventhal, L., & Perry, R. P. (1982). Educational seduction. Review of Educational Research, 52, 446-464.

Abrami, P. C., Perry, R. P., & Leventhal, L. (1982). The relationship between student personality characteristics, teacher ratings, and student achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 74, 111125.

Abrami, P. C., Rosenfeld, S., & Dedic, H. (2007). Commentary: The dimensionality of   student rations of instruction: What we know, and what we do not. In R. P. Perry & J. C. Smart (Eds.), The Scholarship of teaching and learning in higher edu

Abrami, P.C. & associates. (1990). Validity of student ratings of instruction: What we know and what we do not know. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(2), 219-231.

Albanese, M.A. (1991). The validity of lecturer ratings by students and trained observers. Academic Medicine. 66(1). 26-28.

Aleamoni, L. M. (1978). The usefulness of student evaluations in improving college teaching. Instructional Science, 7, 95-105

Aleamoni, L. M. (1981). Student ratings of instruction. In J. Millman (Ed.), Handbook of teacher evaluation (pp. 110-145). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage

Aleamoni, L. M. (1987). Typical faculty concerns about student evaluation of teaching. In L. M. Aleamoni (Ed.), Techniques for evaluating and improving instruction: New Directions for Teaching and Learning, No. 31 (pp. 25-31). San Francis

Aleamoni, L.M. (1976). Typical faculty concerns about student evaluation of instruction. National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture Journal. 20(l),16-21.

Aleamoni, L.M. (1978a). Development and factorial validation of the Arizona Course/instructor Evaluation Questionnaire. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 38.1063—1067.

Aleamoni, L.M. (1978b). The usefulness of student evaluations in improving college teaching. Instructional Science. 7.95-105.

Aleamoni, L.M., & Graham, M.H. (1974). The relationship between CEO ratings and instructor's rank, class size and course level. Journal of Educational Measurement, 11, 109-202.

Aleamoni, L.M., & Spencer, R.E. (1973). The Illinois Course Evaluation Questionnaire: A description of its development and a report of some of its results. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 33.669—684.

Aleamoni, L.M., & Yimer, M. (1973). An investigation of the relationship between colleague rating, student rating, research productivity, and academic rank in rating instructional effectiveness. Journal of Educational Psychology. 64.274-27

Aleamoni, L.M., & Yimer, M. (1974). Graduating Senior Ratings Relationship to Colleague Rating. Student Rating. Research Productivity and Academic Rank in Rating Instructional Effectiveness (Research Report No.352). Urbana: University o

Aleamoni, L.M.. & Hexner, P.Z. (1980). A review of the research on student evaluation and a report on the effect of different sets of instructions on student course and instructor evaluation. Instructional Science. 9.67-84.

Aleamoni, L.M.. & Thomas. G.S. (1980). Differential relationships of student, instructor, and course characteristics to general and specific items on a course evaluation questionnaire. Teaching of Psychology. 7(4), 233-235.

Amin, M.E. (1994). Gender as a discriminating factor in the evaluation of teaching. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education. 19(2), 135-143.

Andrew, M.D. & associates. (1993). Comparing student perceptions of instruction in teacher education and on education courses. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education. 6(4), 359—366.

Apodaca, P. & Grad, H. (2005). The dimensionality of student ratings of teaching: Integration of uni- and multidimensional models. Studies in Higher Education, 30, 723-748.

Arreola, R. A. (2007). Developing a comprehensive faculty evaluation system (3nd edition). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Arubayi, E.A. (1987). Improvement of instruction and teacher effectiveness: Are student ratings reliable and valid? Higher Education. 16(3), 26-278.

Atamian, R., & Ganguli G. (1993). Teacher popularity and teaching effectiveness:Viewpoint of accounting students. Journal of Education for Business. 68(3), 163-169.

Baird, J.S., Jr. (1987). Perceived learning in relation to student evaluation to university instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology. 79(1), 90-91.

Basow, SA., & Silverg, N.T. (1987). Student evaluations of college professors: Are female and male professors rated differently? Journal of Educational Psychology.(3), 308-314.

Beattie, J., Spooner, F., Jordan, L., Algozzine, B., & Spooner, M. (2002). Evaluating instruction in distance learning classes. Teacher Education and Special Education, 25, 124-132.

Beatty, M.J., & Zahn, C.J. (1990). Are student ratings of communication instructors due to "easy" grading practices? An analysis of teacher credibility and student-reported performance levels. Communication Education. 39(4), 275-282.

Bendig, A.W. (1952). A preliminary study of the effect of academic level. sex, and course variables on student rating of psychology instructors. Journal of Psychology. 34, 2—126.

Bendig, A.W. (1953). Relation of level of course achievement of students, instructor   and course ratings in introductory psychology. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 13, 437—488.

Benton, S. L., Duchon, D., & Pallett, W. H., (2011). Validity of student self-reported ratings of instruction. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education. 

Benton, S. L., Webster, R., Gross, A., & Pallett, W. (2010a). IDEA Technical Report No. 16: An analysis of IDEA Student Ratings of instruction using paper versus online survey methods. Manhattan, KS: The IDEA Center.

Benton, S. L., Webster, R., Gross, A., & Pallett, W. (2010b). IDEA Technical Report No. 15: An analysis of IDEA Student Ratings of instruction in traditional versus online courses. Manhattan, KS: The IDEA Center.

Benz, C., & Blatt, S.J. (1995). Factors underlying effective college teaching: What students tell us. Mid—Western Educational Researcher. 8 (1), 27-31.

Blunt, A. (1991). The effects of anonymity and manipulated grades on student ratings of instructors. Community College Review. 18(4), 48-54.

Borgatta, E.F. (1970). Student ratings of faculty. American Association of University Professors. Bulletin. 56, 6—7

Braskamp, L. A, & Ory, J. C. (1994). Assessing faculty work: Enhancing individual and institutional performance. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

Braskamp, L. A., Ory, J. C., & Pieper, D. M. (1981). Student written comments: Dimensions of instructional quality. Journal of Educational Psychology, 73, 65-70.

Braunstein, D.N., Klein, GA., & Pachla, M. (1973). Feedback, expectancy and shifts in student ratings of college faculty. Journal of Applied Psychology. 58, 254-258.

Brinko, K. T. (1990). Instructional consultation with feedback in higher education. Journal of Higher Education, 61, 65-83

Burdsal, C. A., & Harrison, P. D. (2008). Further evidence supporting the validity of both a multidimensional profile and an overall evaluation of teaching effectiveness. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 33, 567-576.

Burdsal, C.A., & Bardo, J.W. (1986). Measuring student's perceptions of teaching: Dimensions of evaluation. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 46, 63-79.

Carrier, N. A., Howard, G. S., & Miller, W. G. (1974). Course evaluations: When? Journal of Educational Psychology, 66, 609-613.

Cashin, W. E. (1989). Defining and evaluating college teaching. IDEA Paper No. 21. Manhattan, KS: Kansas State University, Center for Faculty Evaluation and Development.

Cashin, W. E. (1990). Students do rate different academic fields differently. In M. Theall, & J. Franklin (Eds.), Student ratings of instruction: Issues for improving practice: New Directions for Teaching and Learning, No. 43 (pp. 113-121). San

Cashin, W. E. (1995). Student ratings of teaching: The research revisited. IDEA Paper   No. 32. Manhattan, KS: Kansas State University, Center for Faculty Evaluation and Development.

Cashin, W. E. (2003). Evaluating college and university teaching: Reflections of a practitioner. In J. C. Smart (Ed.), Higher education: Handbook of theory and research (pp. 531-593). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Cashin, W. E., & Downey, R. G. (1992). Using global student ratings for summative evaluation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84, 563-572.

Cashin, W. E., Downey, R. G., & Sixbury, G. R. (1994). Global and specific ratings of teaching effectiveness and their relation to course objectives: Reply to Marsh (1994). Journal of Educational Psychology, 86, 649-657.

Cashin, W.E. (1990) Students do rate academic fields differently. New Directions for   Teaching and Learning (Student Ratings of Instruction: Issues for Improving Practice). 43.113—121.

Cashin, W.E., &Downey, R.G. (1992). Using global student rating items for summative evaluation. Journal of Educational Psychology. 54(4), 563-572.

Centra, J. A. (1976). The influence of different directions on student ratings of instruction. Journal of Educational Measurement, 13, 277-282.

Centra, J. A. (1993). Reflective faculty evaluation: Enhancing teaching and determining faculty effectiveness. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Centra, J. A. (2003). Will teachers receive higher student evaluations by giving higher grades and less course work? Research in Higher Education, 44, 495-518.

Centra, J. A. (2009). Differences in responses to the Student Instructional Report: Is it bias? Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.

Centra, J. A., & Gaubatz, N. B. (2000). Is there a gender bias in student evaluations of teaching? Journal of Higher Education, 70, 17-33.

Centra, J.A. (1973). Effectiveness of student feedback in modifying college instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 65, 395-401.

Centra, JA. (1973). The student as godfather? The impact of student ratings on academia. In A.L.Sockloff (Ed.), Proceedings of the First Invitational Conference on Faculty Effectiveness as Evaluated by Students. Philadelphia: Temple Univer

Clark, K.E., & Keller, R.J. (1954). Student ratings of college teaching. In R.A. Eckert (Ed.), A University Looks at Its Program. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Cohen, J., & Humphreys, L.G. (1960). Memorandum to faculty (unpublished manuscript). University of Illinois, Department of Psychology.

Cohen, P. A. (1980). Effectiveness of student-rating feedback for improving college instruction: A meta-analysis of findings. Research in Higher Education, 13, 321-341.

Cohen, P. A. (1981). Student ratings of instruction and student achievement: A meta-analysis of multisection validity studies. Review of Educational Research, 51, 281-309.

Cohen, P. A. (1987, April). A critical analysis and reanalysis of the multisection validity meta-analysis. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.

Cohen, P.A. (1991). Effectiveness of student rating feedback and consultation for improving instruction in dental schools. Journal of Dental Education. 55(2)145-150.

Cohen, PA. (1989). Do grades influence students evaluations of clinical courses? Journal of Dental Education 53(4), 238-240.

Conran, P.B. & associates. (1991). High school student evaluation of student teachers: How do they compare with professionals? Illinois School Research and Development. 27(2), 81-92.

Costin, F. (1968). A graduate course in the teaching of psychology: Description and evaluation. Journal of Teacher Education, 19, 425432.

Costin, F., Greenough, W.T., & Menges, R.J. (1971). Student ratings of college teaching: Reliability, validity, and usefulness. Review of Educational Research. 41.511-535.

d'Apollonia, S., & Abrami, P. C. (1997). Navigating student ratings of instruction. American Psychologist, 52, 1198-1208.

Davis, B. G. (2009). Tools for teaching, (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Deming, W.E. (1972). Memorandum on teaching. The American Statistician. 26.47.

Dickinson, D.J. (1990). The relationship between ratings of teacher performance and student learning. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 15(2), 142-151.

Dimensionality, reliability, validity, potential biases, and utility. Journal of Educational Psychology. 76. 707—754.

Divoky, J.J., & Rothermel, M.A. (1988). Student perceptions of the relative importance of dimensions of teaching performance across type of class. Educational Research Quarterly. 12(3), 40—45.

Dommeyer, C. J., Baum, P., & Hanna, R. W. (2003). College students’ attitudes toward methods of collecting teaching evaluation: In-class versus on-line (Electronic version). Journal of Education for Business, 78, 5-11.

Donaldson, J. F. & associates.(1993). A Triangulated study comparing adult college students' perceptions of effective teaching with those of traditional students. Continuing Higher Education Review. 57 (3), 147-165.

Downie, N.E.W, (1952). Student evaluation of faculty. Journal of Higher Education. 23. 495-496, 503.

Doyle, K.O., & Whitely, S.E. (1974). Student ratings as criteria for effective teaching. American Educational Research Journal. 11.259-274.

Drews, D.R. & associates. (1987). Teacher self-ratings as a validity criterion for student evaluations. Teaching of Psychology. 14(1), 23-25.

Drucker, A.J., & Remers, H.H. (1951). Do alumni and students differ in their attitudes toward instructors? Journal of Educational Psychology. 42.129-143.

Dukes, R.L. & Victoria, G. (1 989). The effects of gender, status, and effective teaching on the evaluation of college instruction. Teaching Sociology, 17(4), 447-457.

Ellet, C.D., Loup, KS., & Culross, R.R. (1997). Assessing enhancement of learning, personal learning environment, and student efficacy: Alternative to traditional faculty evaluation in higher education. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Educ

Erdle, S., Murray, H. G., & Rushton, J. P. (1985). Personality, classroom behavior, and student ratings of college teaching effectiveness: A Path Analysis. Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 394-407

Everly, J.C., & Aleamoni, L.M. (1972). The rise and fall of the advisor... students attempt to evaluate their instructors. Journal of the National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture, 16(2), 43-45.

Feldman, K. A. (1976a). Grades and college students’ evaluations of their courses and teachers. Research in Higher Education, 4, 69-111.

Feldman, K. A. (1976b). The superior college teacher from the students’ view. Research in Higher Education, 5, 243-288

Feldman, K. A. (1977). Consistency and variability among college students in rating their teachers and courses: A review and analysis. Research in Higher Education, 6, 233-274.

Feldman, K. A. (1978). Course characteristics and college students’ ratings of their teachers: What we know and what we don’t. Research in Higher Education, 9, 199-242.

Feldman, K. A. (1979). The significance of circumstances for college students’ ratings of their teachers and courses. Research in Higher Education, 10, 149-172.

Feldman, K. A. (1983). Seniority and experience of college teachers as related to evaluations they receive from students. Research in Higher Education, 18, 3-124.

Feldman, K. A. (1984). Class size and college students’ evaluations of teachers and courses: A closer look. Research in Higher Education, 21, 45-116.

Feldman, K. A. (1986). The perceived instructional effectiveness of college teachers as related to their personality and attitudinal characteristics: A review and synthesis. Research in Higher Education, 24, 129-213.

Feldman, K. A. (1987). Research productivity and scholarly accomplishment of college teachers as related to their instructional effectiveness: A review and exploration. Research in Higher Education, 26, 227-298.

Feldman, K. A. (1988). Effective college teaching from the students’ and faculty’s view: Matched or mismatched priorities. Research in Higher Education, 28, 291-344.

Feldman, K. A. (1989a). Instructional effectiveness of college teachers as judged by   teachers themselves, current and former students, colleagues, administrators and external (neutral) observers. Research in Higher Education, 30, 137-19

Feldman, K. A. (1989b). The association between student ratings of specific instructional dimensions and student achievement: Refining and extending the synthesis of data from multisection validity studies. Research in Higher Education

Feldman, K. A. (1992). College students’ views of male and female college teachers: Part I-Evidence from the social laboratory and experiments. Research in Higher Education, 33, 317-375.

Feldman, K. A. (1993). College students’ views of male and female college teachers: Part II-Evidence from students’ evaluations of their classroom teachers. Research in Higher Education, 34, 151-211.

Feldman, K. A. (1997). Identifying exemplary teachers and teaching: Evidence from student ratings. In R. P. Perry & J. C. Smart (Eds.), Effective teaching in higher education: Research and practice (pp. 368-395). New York: Agathon Press

Feldman, K. A. (2007). Identifying exemplary teachers and teaching: Evidence from student ratings. In R. P. Perry & J. C. Smart (Eds.), The Scholarship of teaching and learning in higher education: An evidence-based perspective (pp. 93-129). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer

Feldman, K.A. (1978). Course characteristics and college students' ratings of their teachers: What we know and what we don't. Research in Higher Education. 9, 199-242.

Feldman, K.A. (1989). The association between student ratings of specific instructional dimensions and student achievement: Refining and extending the synthesis of data from multisection validity studies. Research in Higher Education,

Feldman, K.A. (1993). College students' views of male and female college teachers:   Part II ——evidence from students' evaluations of their classroom teachers. Research in Higher Education. 34 (2), 151-211.

Fernandez, J., & Mateo, M.A. (1997). Student and faculty gender in rating of university teaching quality. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research. 37 (11-1 2), 997-1 003.

Forsyth, D. R. (2003). Professor’s guide to teaching: Psychological principles and practices. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Freeman, H.R. (1994). Student evaluations of college instructors: Effects of type of course taught, instructor gender and gender role, and student gender. Journal of Educational Psychology. 86(4), 627—630.

Frey, P. W. (1976). Validity of student instructional ratings as a function of their timing. Journal of Higher Education, 47, 327-336.

Frey, P.W. (1973). Student ratings of teaching: Validity of several rating factors. Science. 182. 83-85.

Frey, P.W. (1978). A two—dimensional analysis of student ratings of instruction. Research in Higher Education, 9,69—91.

Gage, N.L. (1961). The appraisal of college teaching. Journal of Hiaher Education. 32.17-22.

Gessner, P.K. (1973). Evaluation of instruction. Science. 180.566-569

Gigliotti, R.J., & Buchtel, F.S. (1990). Attributional bias and course evaluations. Journal of Educational Psychology. 82(2), 341-351.

Gillmore, G. M., Kane, M. T., & Naccarato, R. W. (1978). The generalizability of student ratings of instruction: Estimation of the teacher and course components. Journal of Educational Measurement, 15, 1-13.

Gillmore, G.M. (1973). Estimates of Reliability Coefficients for Items and Subscales of the Illinois Course Evaluation Questionnaire (Research Report No.341). Urbana: University of Illinois, Office of Instructional Resources, Measurement an

Gillmore, G.M., & Brandenburg, D.C. (1974). Would the proportion of students taking a class as a requirement affect the student rating of the course? (Research Report No.347). Urbana: University of Illinois, Office of Instructional Resource

Goldberg, G. & Callahan, J. (1991). Objectivity of student evaluations of instructors. Journal of Education for Business. 66(6), 377-378.

Goldman, L. (1993). On the erosion of education and the eroding foundation of teacher education (or why we should not take student evaluation of faculty seriously). Teacher Education Quarterly. 20(2), 57—64.

Goodhartz, AS. (1948). Student attitudes and opinions relating to teaching at Brooklyn College. School and Society. 68.345-349.

Goodwin, L.D. & Stevens, E.A. (1993) The influence of gender on university faculty members' perceptions of "good" teaching. Journal of Higher Education. 64(2),166-185.

Greenwald, A. G. & Gillmore, G. M. (1997). No pain, no gain? The importance of measuring course workload in student ratings of instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89, 743-751.

Grush, J.E., & Costin, F. (1975). The student as consumer of the teaching process. American Educational Research Journal. 12, 55-66.

Guthrie, E.R. (1954). The evaluation of teaching: A ~progress report. Seattle: University of Washington.

Guthrie, ER. (1949). The evaluation of teaching. Educational Record. 30.109-115.

Hampton, S. E., & Reiser, R. A. (2004). Effects of a theory-based feedback and consultation process on instruction and learning in college classrooms. Research in Higher Education, 45, 497-527.

Hancock, G.R. & associates (1992). Student and teacher gender ratings of university faculty: Results from five colleges of study. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Educatrion, 6 (4), 359—366.

Hardy, N. (2003). Online ratings: Fact and fiction. In T. D. Johnson & D. L. Sorenson (Eds.), Online student ratings of instruction: New Directions for Teaching and Learning, No. 96 (pp. 31-38). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Harrison, P. D., Douglas, D. K., & Burdsall, C. A. (2004). The relative merits of different types of overall evaluations of teaching effectiveness. Research in Higher Education, 45, 311-323.

Harrison, P.D. & associates (1996). College students' self-insight and common implicit theories in ratings of teaching effectiveness. Journal of Educational, 88(4), 775-782.

Hativa, N. (1996). University instructors' rating profiles: Stability over time, and disciplinary differences. Research in Higher Education. 37(3), 341-365.

Hayes, J.R. (1971). Research, teaching and faculty fate. Science. 172.227-230.

Heilman, J.D., & Armentrout, W.D. (1 936). The rating of college teachers on ten traits by their students. Journal of Educational Psychology, 27, 197-216.

Hildebrand, M., Wilson, R.C., & Dienst, E.R. (1971). Evaluating university teaching. Berkeley: University of California, Center for Research and Development in Higher Education.

Hobson, S. M., & Talbot, D. M. (2001). Understanding student evaluations: What all faculty should know. College Teaching, 49, 26-31.

Hogan, T. P. (1973). Similarity of student ratings across instructors, courses, and time. Research in Higher Education, 1, 149-154.

Hogan, T.P. (1973). Similarity of student ratings across instructors, courses and time. Research in Higher Education. 1.149-154.

Howard, G. S., & Maxwell, S. E. (1980). The correlation between student satisfaction   and grades: A case of mistaken causation? Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 810-820.

Howard, G. S., & Maxwell, S. E. (1982). Do grades contaminate student evaluations of instruction? Research in Higher Education, 16, 175-188.

Hoyt, D. P., & Cashin, W. E. (1977). IDEA Technical Report No. 1: Development of the IDEA system. Manhattan, KS: Kansas State University, Center for Faculty Evaluation and Development.

Hoyt, D. P., & Lee, E. (2002a). IDEA Technical Report No. 12: Basic data for the revised IDEA system. Manhattan, KS: The IDEA Center.

Hoyt, D. P., & Lee, E. (2002b). Technical Report No. 13: Disciplinary differences in student ratings. Manhattan, KS: The IDEA Center.

IDEA Research Note 1. (2003). The “excellent teacher” item. Manhattan, KS: The IDEA Center.

Isaacson, R.L., McKeachie, W.J., Milholland, J.E., Lin, Y.G., Hotelier, M., Baerwaldt, J.W.. & Zinn, K.L. (1964). Dimensions of student evaluations of teaching. Journal of Educational Psychology. 55.344—351.

Johannessen, T.A. & associates (1997). What is important to students? Exploring dimensions in their evaluations of teachers. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. 41(2), 165—177

Johnson, T. D. (2003). Online student ratings: Will students respond? In T. D. Johnson & D. L. Sorenson (Eds.), Online student ratings of instruction: New Directions for Teaching and Learning, No. 96 (pp. 49-59). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kember, D., McKay, J., Sinclair, K. & Wong, F. K. Y. (2008). A four-category scheme for coding and assessing the level of reflection in written work. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 33(4), 363-379.

Kierstead, D. & associates. (1988). Sex role stereotyping of college professors: Bias in students' ratings of instructors. Journal of Educational Psychology. 80(3), 342-344.

Kohlan, R.G. (1973). A comparison of faculty evaluations early and late in the course. Journal of Higher Education. 44.587-595.

Koon, J., & Murray, H.G. Using multiple outcomes to validate student ratings of overall teacher effectiveness. Journal of Higher Education, 66(1), 61—81.

Krehbiel, T.C. & associates (1997). Using student disconfirmation as a measure of classroom effectiveness. Journal of Education for Business. 72(4), 224-229.

Kulik, J. A. (2001). Student ratings: Validity, utility, and controversy. In M. Theall, P.   C. Abrami, & L. A. Mets (Eds.), The student ratings debate: Are they valid? How can we best use them? New Directions for Institutional Research, No. 109 (p

Kulik, J. A., & McKeachie, W. J. (1975). The evaluation of teachers in higher education. In F. N. Kerlinger (Ed.), Review of research in education (Vol. 3, pp. 210-240). Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock.

L'Hommedieu, R. & associates. (1990). Methodological explanations for modest effects of feedback from student ratings. Journal of Educational Psychology. 82(2), 232-241.

Layne, B. H., DeCristoforo, J. R., & McGinty, D. (1999). Electronic versus traditional student ratings of instruction (electronic version). Research in Higher Education, 40(2), 221–232

Leung, D. Y. P., & Kember, D. (2005). Comparability of data gathered from evaluation questionnaires on paper through the Internet. Research in Higher Education, 46, 571-591.

Lin, W.Y. (1 992). Is class size a bias to student ratings of university faculty? A review. Chinese University of Education Journal. 20(1), 49-53.

Linsky. A.S., & Straus, MA. (1975). Student evaluations, research productivity and eminence of college faculty. Journal of Higher Education. 46.89-102.

Lovell, G.D., & Haner, C.F. (1955). Forced-choice applied to college faculty rating. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 15.291-304.

Ludwig, J.M., & Meacham, J.A. (1997). Teaching controversial courses: Student evaluations of instructor and content. Educational Research Quarterly. 21(1), 27-38.

Luek, T. L. & associates. (1993). The interaction effects of gender on teaching evaluations. Journalism Educator. 48(3), 235-248.

Macdonald, A. (1 987). Student views on excellent courses. Agricultural Education Magazine. 60(3), 19-22.

Marincovich, M. (1999). Using student feedback to improve teaching. In P. Seldin & Associates, Changing practices in evaluating teaching: A practical guide to improved faculty performance and promotion/tenure decisions (pp. 45-69). Bol

Marlin, J.W., Jr. (1987). Student perceptions of end-of-course evaluation. Journal of Higher Education. 58(6), 704-716.

Marsh, H. W. (1982). Validity of students’ evaluations of college teaching: A multitrait-multimethod analysis. Journal of Educational Psychology, 74, 264-279.

Marsh, H. W. (1984). Students’ evaluations of university teaching: Dimensionality, reliability, validity, potential biases, and utility. Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 707-754.

Marsh, H. W. (2001). Distinguishing between good (useful) and bad workloads on student evaluations of teaching. American Educational Research Journal, 38, 183-212.

Marsh, H. W. (2007). Students’ evaluations of university teaching: Dimensionality, reliability, validity, potential biases and usefulness. In R. P. Perry & J. C. Smart (Eds.), The Scholarship of teaching and learning in higher education: An evide

Marsh, H. W., & Dunkin, M. J. (1992). Students’ evaluations of university teaching: A multidimensional perspective. In J. C. Smart (Ed.), Higher education: Handbook of theory and research, Vol. 8. New York: Agathon Press.

Marsh, H. W., & Dunkin, M. J. (1997). Students’ evaluations of university teaching: A multidimensional perspective. In R. P. Perry & J. C. Smart (Eds.), Effective teaching in higher education: Research and practice (pp. 241-320). New York: Aga

Marsh, H. W., & Hattie, J. (2002). The relation between research productivity and teaching effectiveness. Journal of Higher Education, 73, 603-641.

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